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Rußland 4

“… Wie sich herausstellte, sammeln lokale Ak­ti­vis­t*in­nen in Pskow Hilfsgüter nicht nur für Geflüchtete aus dem Donbass, sondern auch für russische Soldaten. An den Sammelstellen stapeln sich Dutzende von Kisten, einige von ihnen mit Unterschriften – das sind Päckchen von Schulklassen und Arbeitskollegien. Auf vielen Päckchen klebt der Buchstabe Z.

In diesen Paketen für die Kriegsgebiete werden Lebensmittel und Waren des täglichen Bedarfs verschickt. Es ist gut möglich, dass ich da irgendetwas nicht ganz richtig verstehe, aber die Sammlung zur Unterstützung der Soldaten scheint mir eine größere Diskreditierung der russischen Armee zu sein als die Worte ‘Nein zum Krieg‘. …”

aus: Olga Lizunkova: Hilfsgüter für den Fleischwolf, taz online, 24.6.22, im Internet.

06/22

24/06/2022 (17:46) Schlagworte: DE,Lesebuch ::

Right to resist

“The question of dethroning … will always be, as it has always been, an extraordinary question of state, and wholly out of the law; a question (like all other questions of state) of dispositions, and of means, and of probable consequences, rather than of positive rights. … The speculative line of demarcation, whee obedience ought to end, and resistance must begin, is faint, obscure, and not easily definable. It is not a single act, or a single event, which determines it. Governments must be abused and deranged indeed, before it can be thought of; and the prospect of the future must be as bad as the experience of the past. When things are in that lamentable condition, the nature of the disease is to indicate the remedy to those whom nature has qualified to administer in extremities this critical, ambiguous, bitter potion to a distempered state. Times and occasions, and provocations, will teach their own lessons. The wise will determine from the gravity of the case, the irritable from sensibility to oppression; the high-minded from disdain and indignation at abusive power in unworthy hands; the brave and bold from the love of honourable danger in a generous cause: but, with or without right, a revolution will be the very last resource of the thinking and the good.”

aus: Edmund Burke: Reflections on the Revolution in France. London u.a.: Penguin 1986 (1790), S.116/117.

06/22

 

24/06/2022 (17:31) Schlagworte: EN,Lesebuch ::

Avortement

“Est-ce qu’un gland est un chêne ? Est-ce qu’un oeuf est une poule ? À quel moment l’ovocyte humain fécondé devient-il un être ou une personne à part entière ? Nos traditions – disons celles de la Grèce et de la Rome antiques, celles des premiers chrétiens – sont hésitantes à ce sujet. À la conception ? Au rythme cardiaque ? Aux premiers coups de pied ?

Pour les plus intraitables des militants anti-IVG actuels, c’est à la conception, soit le moment selon eux où un amas cellulaire se voit doté d’une âme. Cette opinion repose néanmoins sur une conviction religieuse : la croyance en l’âme. Tout le monde ne partage pas cette conviction. Pourtant, tout le monde risque aujourd’hui d’être soumis à des lois rédigées par ces croyants. Ce qui est un péché dans un cadre religieux précis est sur le point d’être érigé en infraction pour tous. …

Les auteurs de la Constitution américaine … [stipulaient qu’il] n’y aurait … aucune religion d’État. Personne ne pourrait être empêché par l’État de pratiquer le culte de son choix.

C’était pourtant simple : si vous croyez que l’âme apparaît à la conception, vous devez vous abstenir de tout avortement, car il constitue un péché dans votre religion. Si cela ne fait pas partie de vos convictions, vous ne devez pas (conformément à la Constitution) être contraint par les convictions religieuses d’autrui.

En revanche, si l’avis du juge Samuel Alito devient en effet la nouvelle jurisprudence constante, alors les États-Unis seront bien partis pour instaurer une religion d’État. …”

aus: Margaret Atwood: Demain, une dictature religieuse? Courrier International 1647, 25.5.22, S.43.

06/22

22/06/2022 (13:13) Schlagworte: FR,Lesebuch ::

Erfahrung 2

“Wird … Erfahrung auf ihr Resultat hin betrachtet, so wird damit der eigentliche Prozeß der Erfahrung übersprungen …

Wir [sprechen] in doppeltem Sinne von Erfahrung …, einmal von Erfahrungen, die sich unserer Erwartung einordnen und sie bestätigen, sodann aber von der Erfahrung, die man ‘macht’. Diese, die eigentliche Erfahrung, ist immer eine negative. Wenn wir an einem Gegenstand eine Erfahrung machen, so heißt das, daß wir die Dinge bisher nicht richtig gesehen haben und nun besser wissen, wie es damit steht. Die Negativität der Erfahrung hat also einen eigentümlich produktiven Sinn. …

Die Erfahrung, die einer macht, [verändert] sein ganzes Wesen … Strenggenommen kann man dieselbe Erfahrung nicht zweimal ‘machen’. Zwar gehört zur Erfahrung, daß sie sich selbst immer wieder bestätigt. Erst durch Wiederholung wird sie gleichsam erworben. Aber als die wiederholte und bestätigte Erfahrung wird sie nicht mehr neu ‘gemacht’. Wenn man eine Erfahrung gemacht hat, so heißt das, man besitzt sie. Man sieht von nun an das ehedem Unerwartete voraus. … Der Erfahrende ist sich seiner Erfahrung bewußt geworden – er ist ein Erfahrener. …

Derjenige, den man erfahren nennt, [ist] nicht nur durch Erfahrungen zu einem solchen geworden, sondern auch für Erfahrungen offen. Die Vollendung seiner Erfahrung … besteht nicht darin, daß einer schon alles kennt und alles schon besser weiß. Vielmehr zeigt sich der Erfahrene im Gegenteil als der radikal Undogmatische, der, weil er so viele Erfahrungen gemacht und aus Erfahrungen gelernt hat, gerade besonders befähigt ist, auf neue Erfahrungen zu machen und aus Erfahrungen zu lernen. …

Das ist jene Erfahrung, die stets selber erworben sein muß und niemanden erspart werden kann. … Erfahrung … setzt … notwendig mannigfache Enttäuschung von Erwartungen voraus und nur dadurch wird Erfahrung erworben. … Jede Erfahrung, die diesen Namen verdient, durchkreuzt eine Erwartung. …

Erfahrung ist … Erfahrung der menschlichen Endlichkeit. Erfahren im eigentlichen Sinne ist, wer ihrer inne ist, wer weiß, daß er der Zeit und der Zukunft nicht Herr ist. Der Erfahrene nämlich kennt die Grenze alles Voraussehens und die Unsicherheit aller Pläne.”

aus: Hans-Georg Gadamer: Wahrheit und Methode. Bd.1, Tübingen: Mohr 1990 (1960), S.358-363.

06/22

16/06/2022 (0:02) Schlagworte: DE,Lesebuch ::

Klassik

“Der Begriff des klassischen Altertums und des Klassischen … vereinigte in sich eine normative und eine historische Seite. Eine bestimmte Entwicklungsphase des geschichtlichen Werdens der Menschheit soll zugleich eine reife und vollendete Herausgestaltung des Menschlichen geleistet haben.”

aus: Hans-Georg Gadamer: Wahrheit und Methode. Bd.1, Tübingen: Mohr 1990 (1960), S.291.

06/22

13/06/2022 (10:21) Schlagworte: DE,Lesebuch ::

Getreide

“Ein Skandal ist die Tatsache, dass immer noch rund 60 Prozent des deutschen Getreides in Tiertrögen und Tanks landet – in einer Zeit, in der in Ostafrika und Nahost Millionen von Hungertoten zu befürchten sind.”

aus: Annette Jensen: Ampel hat Angst vor der Wende, taz online, 10.6.22, im Internet.

06/22

10/06/2022 (15:36) Schlagworte: DE,Lesebuch ::

Postkolonialismus

“Die Kritik am Kolonialismus regrediert oft in eine Verherrlichung der alten, unschuldigen Zeiten, bevölkert von imaginären, disneyfizierten Versionen von Ureinwohnern.”

aus: Hito Steyerl: Kontext ist König, außer der deutsche. Zeit Online, 3.6.22, im Internet.

06/22

05/06/2022 (0:59) Schlagworte: DE,Lesebuch ::

SPD 1977

“Der sozialdemokratischen Arbeiterbewegung … ist es vor allem zu verdanken, daß in diesem Jahrhundert die Knechte, Proleten und Parias von einst längst der Geschichte angehören und zu Staatsbürgern aufgestiegen sind, auf deren Einsicht, Können und Bereitschaft die heutige Wirtschaft und der Staat angewiesen sind.”

aus: Wilhelm Kaisen: Stamokap vor 65 Jahren. In: Jens Fischer: Stamokap und Godesberg. Bonn: Vorwärts 1977, S.17

06/22

04/06/2022 (21:11) Schlagworte: DE,Lesebuch ::

Tradition

“‘Traditions’ which appear or claim to be old are often quite recent in origin and sometimes invented. …

‘Invented tradition’ is taken to mean a set of practices, normally governed by overtly or tacitly accepted rules and of ritual or symbolic nature, which seek to inculcate certain values and norms of behaviour by repetition, which automatically implies continuity with the past. In fact, where possible, they normally attempt to establish continuity with a suitable historic past. …

‘Tradition’ … must be distinguished clearly from ‘custom’ which dominates so-called ‘traditional’ societies. The object and characteristic of ‘traditions’, including invented ones, is invariance. The past, real or invented, to which they refer imposes fixed (normally formalized) practices, such as repetition. … ‘Custom’ cannot afford to be invariant, because even in ‘traditional’ societies life is not so. Customary or common law still shows this combination of flexibility in substance and formal adherence to precedent. …

Convention and routine are not ‘invented traditions’ since their functions, and therefore their justifications, are technical rather than ideological. …

Sometimes new traditions could be grafted on old ones, sometimes they could be devised by borrowing from the well-supplied warehouses of official ritual, symbolism and moral exhortation – religion and princely pomp, folklore and freemasonry (itself an earlier invented tradition of great symbolic force) …

It is clear that plenty of political institutions, ideological movements and groups – not least in nationalism – were so unprecedented that even historic continuity had to be invented, for example by creating an ancient past beyond effective historical continuity. … It is also clear that entirely new symbols and devices came into existence as part of national movements and states, such as the national anthem (of which the British in 1740 seems to be the earliest), the national flag (still largely a variation of the French revolutionary tricolour, evolved 1790-4) or the personification of ‘the nation‘ in symbol or image …” 1

“Tartan – that is cloth woven in a geometrical pattern of colours – was known in Scotland in the sixteenth century (it seems to have come from Flanders …), the kilt … – unknown in 1726, … suddenly appeared two years later … its inventor was an English Quaker from Lancashire, Thomas Rawlinson … [there was] no differentiation of clans, no continuity of setts … in October 1745 … the Caledonian Mercury advertised a ‘great choice of tartans, the newest patterns’ …” 2

“[During most of the nineteenth century, British] royal ceremonies were … remote, inaccessible group rites, performed for the benefit of the few rather than the edification of the many. … For the majority of the great royal pageants staged during the first three-quarters of the nineteenth century oscillated between farce and fiasco. … Slowly … [then, a] coherent syntax and language of symbols and meanings emerged. In 1887, after fifty years on the throne, the Widow of Windsor was persuaded – although only with the greatest reluctance – to participate in a grand state pageant in London. It was, indeed, a risk, for her unpopularity made it impossible to predict what sort of reception she would receive. … Nevertheless, the resulting Golden Jubilee … was a great success. … Meticulous planning, popular enthusiasm, widespread reporting and unprecedented splendour were successfully allied. … Three people … were of major significance: … [While] Reginald Brett, Viscount Esher … provided the expertise and organizing flair, and Edward [VII] himself supplied the enthusiasm and support, it was Elgar, whose compositions raised ceremonial music … to mere works of art of their own right. …” 3

1) aus: Eric Hobsbawm: Introduction. Inventing Traditions. In: Eric Hobsbawm / Terence Ranger: The Invention of Tradition, Cambridge University Press, 2020 (Orig.-Ausgabe 1982), S.2-7.

2) aus: Hugh Trevor-Roper: The invention of Tradition: The Highland Tradition of Scotland, im selben Band, S. 18.23.

3) aus: David Cannadine: The Context, Performance and Meaning of Ritual: The British Monarchy and the ‘Invention of Tradition”, c.1820-1977, im selben Band, S.111-136

06/21

26/05/2022 (1:07) Schlagworte: EN,Lesebuch ::

De-Democratization 2

“In 2002 … we were dragged down by the swamp of the Hungarian left. … But, Dear Friends, in 2002 we … did not adopt a defensive attitude, … we played to win and proclaimed the Reconquista. …

The plan succeeded. In 2010 we came back. … Hungary is the laboratory in which we tested the antidote to dominance by progressives. … This spring Hungary has received its fourth dose, … the patient has been completely cured. The medication is open-source, free of charge, and comprises twelve points …

[1] … Play by our own rules. The only way to win is to refuse to accept the solutions and the paths offered by others. … Those who play by their opponents’ rules are certain to lose.

[2] … National conservatism in domestic politics. The cause of the nation is not a matter of ideology, nor even of tradition. The reason that churches and families must be supported is that they are the building blocks of the nation. … The Achilles heel of progressives is precisely that they want to impose their dreams on society. But for us that danger is also an opportunity, … one must find the issues on which the Left is completely out of touch with reality and highlight them …

[3] … The national interest in foreign policy. Progressives always think that foreign policy is a battle of ideologies: a battle between good and bad … Something is wrong with that concept. Our response should be …: the Nation First! Hungary First! America First! … We know that Ukraine is not defending Hungary. That is a nonsensical idea! … Our aim is to restore peace, not to continue the war, because that is what is in our national interest. Hungary First!

[4] … we must have our own media. We can only show up the insane ideas of the progressive Left if we have media that helps us to do this. … Naturally, the Grand Old Party, too, has allied media outlets, but they are no match for the liberals’ dominance of the media. My friend Tucker Carlson stands alone and immovable. His show has the highest audience figures. What does this mean? It means that there should be shows like his day and night – or, as you say, 24/7.

[5] … expose your opponent’s intentions. … We must not only break down today’s taboos, but also tomorrow’s taboos. … For instance, there is the issue of LGBTQ propaganda targeting children. This is still a new thing over here, but we have already destroyed it. We brought the issue out into the open and held a referendum on it. The overwhelming majority of Hungarians have rejected this form of sensitization of children. By revealing at an early stage what the Left were preparing for, we forced them on the defensive, and when they attacked our initiative they were eventually forced to admit the reality of their plan. …

[6] … economic policies that benefit the majority of voters. … In the final analysis people want jobs: people want jobs, not economic theories. … If a government of the right is unable to deliver all this, it is doomed to failure.

[7] do not get pushed to the extreme. … What is the difference between the denial of science by the extreme right and the denial of biology by LGBTQ movements? The answer is simple: there is no difference whatsoever. We must render unto Caesar the things that are Caesar’s, unto God the things that are God’s, and unto Science the things that are Science’s. We may gain immense popularity on internet forums by promoting conspiracy theories – … but in reality we will alienate a large proportion of the electorate, find ourselves pushed to the margins, and eventually we will lose.

[8] … read every day. A book a day keeps the defeat away. … Reading … helps us to understand what our opponents think and where their thinking is flawed. If we know that, the rest is mere technique. … It is true that the spin doctor is a useful species; but understanding the problem is something that must be done by us as policymakers.

[9] … have faith. A lack of faith is dangerous. If you do not believe that there will be a final reckoning and that you will be held to account for your actions before God, you will think that you can do anything that is in your power. …

[10] … make friends. Our opponents, the progressive liberals and neo-Marxists, have unlimited unity: they have one another’s backs. By contrast, we conservatives are capable of squabbling with one another over the smallest issue. And then we wonder at how our opponents corner us. We do indeed possess intellectual sophistication, and we care about intellectual nuance. But if we want to succeed in politics, we should never look at what we disagree on, but instead look for our common ground. … Believe me, if we do not, our opponents will hunt us down one by one.

[11] … build communities. … The fewer communities there are and the lonelier people are, the more voters go to the liberals; and the more communities there are, the more votes we get. It is as simple as that. …

[12] … build institutions. For successful politics, one needs institutions and institutes. Whether they are think tanks, educational centers, talent workshops, foreign relations institutes, youth organizations or whatever, they should have a political aspect. Let us not forget: politicians come and go, but institutions stay with us for generations. They, the institutions, have the capacity to renew politics intellectually. New ideas, new thoughts and new people are needed again and again. If they run out, we will run out of ammunition, and our opponent will show no mercy in laying us low.”

… Progressives are threatening the whole of Western civilization … Progressive liberals, neo-Marxists intoxicated by the dream of wokeness, those in the pay of George Soros, the advocates of the open society. They want to abolish the Western way of life that you and we love so much: what your parents fought for during World War II and the Cold War, and what we fought for when we drove the Soviet communists out of Hungary.

My Friends,

We must take up the fight … We must take back the institutions in Washington and Brussels. … We must coordinate the movement of our troops, because we face a great challenge. … The Hungarian lesson is that we have no silver bullet. We only have work. We need to do it. Let’s go out and do it! Thanks and good luck!”

aus: Speech by Prime Minister Viktor Orbán at the opening of CPAC Hungary, Cabinet Office of the Prime Minister, Budapest, 19.5.22, im Internet.

05/22

21/05/2022 (22:58) Schlagworte: EN,Lesebuch ::
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