“‘Culture … denotes an historically transmitted pattern of meanings embodied in symbols, a system of inherited conceptions epressed in symbolic forms by means of which men communicate, perpetuate, and develop their knowledge about and attitudes towards live‘ [C.Geerts].
Let us unpack what this characterisation implies for political analysis. The key notion here is that culture is a ‘system of inherited conceptions epressed in symbolic forms’. That makes it plain, first, that what may appear merely as a conglomeration of discrete ‘values’ is in fact an inter-related and structured whole. Second, it hightlights the historical dimension of culture, which is to be understood not as being simply the current ‘language‘ of norms and habits (synchronically= but as the living environment, evolved in the longue durée (diachronically). Finally the emphasis is clearly placed on the fact that culture is expressed in symbolic form, and not, as is sometimes believed, only in factual statements. Comparative analysis, therefore, must concern itself with all three aspects of culture …”
aus: Patrick Chabal & Jean-Pascal Daloz: Culture Troubles. Politics and the Interpretation of Meaning. London: Hurst & Co., 2006, S.23.